NEXUS BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION, ENERGY CONSUMPTION, AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN PAKISTAN: TIME SERIES EVIDENCE

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NEXUS BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION, ENERGY CONSUMPTION, AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN PAKISTAN: TIME SERIES EVIDENCE

Author(s) : Farhat Rasul & Rakia Nasir

Abstract:
Due to technological improvement, there has been a significant and quick change in the patterns of all economic activity. Even for the cost-effective and efficient use of the other four components of production, such as labour, energy has become a significant issue (land, labor, capital, and organization). Due to the extreme use of energy, the global environment is deteriorating, and international economies are desiring an environmentally sustainable approach to economic growth. Using Annual data from 1981 - 2018, the current study tries to explore the influence of energy usage and environmental deterioration in Pakistan Economy. The stationarity is checked using the Augmented Dickey and Fuller unit root approach. Long-term relationships between variables are provided by the auto regressive distributive lag model. ECM calculates and displays changeable short-run behaviour. GNP and CO2 emissions have been employed as proxy variables for economic development and environmental damage, respectively. Export, GFCF, and population density are the additional factors utilised to further explain and analyse the link between variables. Export, GFCF, and CO2 have a significant influence on economic growth, however energy consumption and population have an unfavourable association with Pakistan's economic growth. ECM returns a positive and substantial value, indicating that if a shock to the independent variable happens, the equilibrium will diverge.