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  • Abstract

    The strategic objective of e-government is to promote efficient provision of public services. This study explores the effect of e-government on economic growth. A macroeconomic production function is used to examine the impact of e-government on economic growth. The archive data of 147 nations across the world over the years of 2003 to 2012 is employed and OLS and IV econometric techniques are used. The results exhibit that an increase in e-government adaption leads to high economic growth. The empirical findings of this research are robust to various control variables, to endogeneity problem and to different specifications of the model.

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    Authors

    Amna Malik and Muhammad Tariq Majeed

  • Volume : 1 Issue : 1 Year: 2020

    Does Infrastructure contribute to Inclusive Growth?

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  • Abstract

    In many developing countries, the problem of income inequality and unemployment is rising very fast while at the same time, most of the individuals living in these economies do not have access to basic necessities. Such a situation causes economic and social restlessness and calls for a change in economic strategies. For solutions, the concept of inclusive growth is emerging as a keynote discussion among economists around the world. Human and physical infrastructure is one of the strong candidates that can help fight against unemployment and poverty and takes the economy towards the road to inclusive growth. This paper examines their potential to contribute to more sustained and broadly based economic growth of Pakistan. Inclusive growth is measured by calculating the growth rate of human development index (HDI) based on UNDP’s (2011). Empirical findings of this study suggest that human and physical infrastructure positively and significantly affects inclusive growth. Thus, investment in human and physical infrastructure needs to be planned to support key growth corridors that foster economic advancements and help the masses to contribute to economic growth and benefit from it as well.

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    Authors

    Zakia Batool Saba Bokhari Muhammad Akbar

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    This study aim was to examine the impact of reward and motivation to the satisfaction of job in private schools Kohat. Questionnaire was used as tool for collection information. Sample was the employee employees of secondary schools. Sample size was 120. SSPS was used for analyzing information. The result showed the relationship among the variables. The management should make mandatory on the job training and follow reward ad motivation principles for satisfaction of employees’ jobs.

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    Authors

    Aqal Amin Khattak and Muhammad Anus

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  • Abstract

    There has been Investigation of relationship among money supply, budget deficit and inflation in this research study. Data for the period 1990-2017 has collected from the state bank of Pakistan and World Bank economic indicators on their website. In analysis, we have used unit root test, regression analysis and co-integration test for applying to the information gathered through secondary resources. In findings, we have key outcomes that money supply and inflation have different effects on the fiscal deficit. Our result has supported a positive relationship in between fiscal deficit and money supply. We had also explored the negative relationship between inflation and fiscal deficit. This mention that government has to implement such policies, which can control the inflation and money, supply both for reduction in fiscal deficit. Increase in inflation, decrease in money supply and later increase in fiscal deficit make bad impact to the Economy of Pakistan.

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    Authors

    Masood Hassan, Mubashar Hassan Zia and Mirza Adeel Baig

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    This study examined the impact of reduction in energy poverty on environment. Energy poverty is defined in several ways like; percentage of household expenditure on energy uses or alternatively in terms of access to clean energy products and services such as electricity, natural gas and LPG etc. Pakistan Social and Living Standard Measurement (PSLM) data for 2013-14 is utilized to compute Multidimensional Energy Poverty Index. The index, based on data for different fuels for heating, lightening and cooking, is computed to assess incidence of energy poverty. The list of fuel includes firewood, coal, kerosene oil, Gas (Cylinder), Gas (Pipeline), electricity from regular distribution system of WAPDA and from Generators. Multidimensional Energy Poverty Index (MEPI) is showing that 69.67 percent households are deprived of clean fuel for cooking and 47.11 percent are deprived of clean fuel for heating. However, for lighting only 9.04 percent households do not have access to clean source. Furthermore, study finds that CO2 emissions can be reduced significantly through improving access (access through subsidization, regulation and increasing supply) of low income group to the energy mix of high income group. If highest income groups’ energy mix is available to poor, for cooking and heating purposes, the emissions will decline to 755.869 metric ton (per month) from current of 2039.520 metric ton (Per month). Per household will also decline by 44.69 kgCo/kwh if highest income group energy mix is available to all households

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    Authors

    Amna Haleem, Muhammad Imran Khan ,Fatima Athar