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Aim and Scope

Aims and Scope The JEMS provides prospective on topic relevant to research in the field of business, commerce and economics. Through its publication the journal contributes to the development to the theory and practice. The journal accepts academically robust papers that contribute to the area of research of the business management, commerce and economics. Papers submitted to the journal are double-blind reviewed by members... Read More

Current Issue



Volume 3, Issue 2, 2022

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  • Abstract

    This study aims at evaluating the validity of the “Triple (Current Account, Budget & Financial) Deficit Hypothesis (TDH)” the extension of the “Twin Deficit Hypothesis (TDH)” for the of South Asian countries i.e., (Bangladesh, India, Pakistan & Sri-Lanka) by using the panel data for the era of 2000-2021. First, the stationarity is to be tested of the “Current Account Deficit (CAD)”, the “Budget Deficit (BD,)” and the “Financial Deficit (FD)”. However, the results show that although other variables are stationary at the 1st difference I(1) except one i.e., , the CAD is non-stationary at a level I(0). All variables, however, are stationary at the 1st difference. Furthermore, the co-integration test indicates that co-integration exists among the series means that long-term association is present among the variables. The findings of the “VECM Granger Causality Test” demonstrate the existence of a two-way causal link between CAD & BD and between CAD and Financial deficit which indicates that the improvement in the current account balance (CAB) while the fiscal adjustment is not totally controlled by policy and necessitates CAD adjustment, it also demands fiscal austerity. As a result, we can draw the conclusion that the "Triple Deficit Hypothesis [TDH]" holds to the South Asian region.

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    Authors

    Saima Batool, Amanat Ali, Javed Iqbal and Bushra Parveen

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  • Abstract

    Infant mortality is a common problem of the developing countries. Though Pakistan has reduced the infants’ death number from 106 deaths in 1990 to 62 deaths in 2018 in every 1000 infants, still stands among the highest infant death rate countries in the world. The present study is an attempt to assess the role of mothers’ empowerment (measured with Women’s Empowerment Index), utilization of child healthcare services and demographics in the infant mortality rate in Pakistan. The convenient sample of 300 ever married women of reproductive age (21-49), having at least one child, was taken from three city districts of Punjab, Pakistan (viz., Multan, Khanewal, & Dera Ghazi Khan). The result of the Ordinary Least Squares technique indicated that two dimensions of women/mothers’ empowerment viz., economic and familial, mother’s age at marriage, mothers’ education, antenatal care, postnatal care, and vaccination status had negative impact on infants’ mortality rate in Pakistan. The recommendations have been given in the light of the results attained.

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    Authors

    Syeda Azra Batool, Syeda Shahida Batool, and Mahir Farooq

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  • Abstract

    The world was running in the usual way that suddenly on 20 December 2019 two patients with a freaky disease came to Wuhan hospital in China. Initially, doctors did not take this disease seriously. However, with time, the number of patients with this disease increased. Then this disease outbreak all over China within 2 to 3 months condition which initiated in Wuhan city until March it engulfed entire China. All the big cities, Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen Guangzhou, and Wuhan were completely shut down, and businesses of the people’s completely shut down. Colleges and Universities have been closed with no transportation including air transportation and no delivery system. In short, all the departments and institutions were badly suffered gradually. The whole of China was engulfed in this disease like a swamp. On April 23, China started normally working with the measurement by wearing masks, taking the initial COVID-19 test and keeping a distance of 1 meter from person to person. It was revealed that the disease spreads by touching, breathing and other things. The latter condition becomes airborne; therefore, all the possible measures were adopted to control the disease outbreak.

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    Authors

    Muhammad Ali, Al Harath Atiek and Fariba Azizzadeh